Seventy-five million workers earned hourly wages in the United States in 2012, accounting for 59% of the workforce.  In the United States, most workers` wages are set by market forces or collective bargaining, in which a union negotiates on behalf of workers. The Fair Labor Standards Act sets a minimum wage at the federal level that all states must meet, among other things. Fourteen states and a number of cities have set their own minimum wage rates, which are higher than the federal level. For some federal-state contacts, employers must pay the so-called current wage, which is set under the Davis-Bacon Act or its state equivalent. Activists have pledged to promote the idea of a living wage rate that takes into account the cost of living and other basic necessities, and considers living wages to be much higher than what current minimum wage laws require. The minimum wage serves to protect the well-being of the working class.  A salary is the distribution of a security (expected return or profits derived exclusively from others) paid by an employer to an employee. Just as interest is paid to an investor on his investments, a salary is paid as income to the employee on his invested assets (time, money, work, resources and thoughts). Some examples of wage distributions include compensatory payments such as minimum wage, prevailing wage, and annual bonuses, as well as lucrative payments such as prizes and tips. Remuneration may only be changed by mutual agreement.
Unilateral change is allowed only if the salary is temporarily reduced, if it is not possible to give work. This can be used even if the employer cannot give work or does not have the financial means to pay the regular remuneration. Employees must be informed and consulted before reducing their compensation. If the employee does not agree with the reduction, he has the right to terminate the employment relationship. As with dismissals, a benefit must also be paid in this case. Even in countries where market forces primarily set wage rates, studies show that there are still differences in workplace pay based on gender and race. For example, in 2007, women of all races accounted for about 80 percent of the median wage of their male counterparts, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. This is probably due to the supply and demand of women in the market due to family responsibilities.  Similarly, white men earned about 84% of the salary of Asian men and black men earned 64%.  These are overall averages that are not adjusted for the nature, scope and quality of the work performed. Payment of wages is different from paid work, where the employer pays an agreed amount at regular intervals (e.g.
B, a week or a month) regardless of the hours worked, with commissions related to individual performance and with remuneration based on the performance of the company as a whole. Employees may also receive tips or gratuities paid directly by customers and employee benefits that are non-monetary forms of compensation. Because wage labour is the predominant form of work, the term “wage” sometimes refers to all forms (or monetary forms) of workers` compensation. `For the purposes of this Chapter, `salary` means any remuneration (other than fees paid to a staff member) for services provided by a worker to his employer, including the present value of all remuneration (including benefits) paid in a medium other than cash;` In addition to the requirement that compensation for “services that an employee provides to his or her employer,” there are 23 exclusions in the definition that must also be applied.  Wages are a kind of “price”. Reduced to one unit of work volume, which can be one hour (hourly wage) or one full-time equivalent (FTE wage), it makes it possible to compare jobs or workplaces of different working hours and duration. .