We also believe that together, the RCEP and the CPTPP will offset the global losses resulting from the trade war between the United States and China, but not for China and the United States. The new agreements will make the economies of North and Southeast Asia more efficient and combine their strengths in technology, production, agriculture and natural resources. The 2020 agreement is expected to boost the global economy by $186 billion.   The reduced role of the United States in RCEP international trade is expected to increase global real revenues by $186 billion per year.  RCEP will operate at the same time as the CPTPP, which is expected to increase global real income by $147 billion per year. This agreement shows that countries can reap economic benefits if they enter into regional free trade agreements without including the United States. In addition, the RCEP is not led by a particular country, but it will allow the largest economies of China and Japan to organize regional trade to their advantage. The resulting integration and prioritization could in turn reduce the growth of U.S. exports to the region, as countries relocate their trade to U.S.
competitors. The United States faces considerable opportunity costs when it enters into such a trade agreement: if it had signed a similar free trade agreement, the United States would have earned about $131 billion in real income per year (real income being the collective income of citizens in an inflation-adjusted country).  The RCEP is also a missed opportunity for the United States to increase its influence in one of the world`s fastest growing economic regions. The Comprehensive Regional Economic Partnership (RCEP) is a free trade agreement between Asia-Pacific countries, Australia, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, New Zealand, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand and Vietnam. Starting in 2020, the 15 member countries represent about 30% of the world`s population (2.2 billion people) and 30% of global GDP ($26.2 trillion), making it the largest trading bloc in history.  The unification of existing bilateral agreements between ASEAN and five of its major trading partners was signed on 15 November 2020 at a virtual ASEAN summit hosted by Vietnam and will enter into force as soon as it has been ratified by at least six ASEAN signatories and three non-ASEAN countries.   The trade pact, which includes a mix of middle-income countries [Note 1] and low-income countries[Note 3], was developed at the ASEAN summit in Bali, Indonesia in 2011, when its negotiations were officially initiated in Cambodia at the 2012 ASEAN summit.   It is expected that within 20 years of entry into force, approximately 90% of import duties between its signatories will be removed and common rules are established for e-commerce, trade and intellectual property.
 Uniform rules of origin will help facilitate international supply chains and reduce export costs across the bloc.